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Amberd





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Century of Foundation: VII. Region: Aragatsotn. Location: Byurakan village Armenia’s geographical position, at the crossroads of communication between East and West, often was the scene of fierce battles between the two worlds, so profoundly different in their culture and traditions. It suffered from this strife and periodically was laid waste by the invasions of powerful neighbors. Armenia and her princes built numerous means of defense in order to protect themselves against threatening adversaries. From this standpoint, the Amberd Fortress and the church are typical examples of art constructions. The fortress was built according to state of the art criteria used for military constructions at that time, taking advantage of Armenian military tradition, local geography, and building material availability. It is an outstanding example of Armenian secular architecture. The church complex was protected by thick walls and placed almost inaccessibly on a crag overlooking deep ravines and mountain rivers of Arkhashyan and Amberd. Amberd means “a fortress in the clouds” in Armenian - a fitting name given its elevation at 2,300m on the slopes of the Mount Aragats. The Amberd Fortress is located 4 miles from the village of Byurakan. The fortress was founded in the 7th century A.D. during the rule of the Kamsarakan princes. It was rebuilt 4 centuries later by Vahram Vachutian Pakhlavuni. He added thick stone walls and 3 bastions along the ridge of the Arkhashyan ravine, where there were no natural defenses. An inscription above the entry to the church within the fortress indicates that it was built in 1026. The exterior architecture is simple and expressive, crowned by an umbrella shaped cupola. Amberd was overrun in the 11th century by the Seljuk Turks. Two centuries later, it was assailed by Mongol invaders. Despite its turbulent history, significant detailed remains are accessible today. Apart from portions of walls, towers and the church, there are the ruins of a bathhouse and parts of a secret passage and a water-supply system that can be seen.

Comments (1)
From : LILI, 28 April 2010, 05:15
Homepage : www.imegaservice.com
AMBERD@ SHAAAAT GEGHECIK VAYR E!!! SHAAT HAJAX EM ASYSTEGH LINUM,,, BARDZRANUM EM NAYEv ARAGATS LER@!!!!! HIASQANCH TESARANNER KAN AYDETGH.MI XOSQOV HRASHVAYRER EN DRANQ!!!!

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